Alamgir II: His life as an Emperor and his End

Alamgir II was born in Burhanpur on June 6, 1699, the second son of Maaz-ud-Din, the son of the future Emperor Bahadur Shah I. Alamgir II was 7 years old when his great-grandfather Aurangzeb died on the Dekan River. Alamgir 2nd was the son of Mughal Emperor Jahandar Shah and the grandson of Bahadur Shah I.

Alamgir II as an emperor

Alamgir II was the Mughal Emperor of India from June 3, 1754 to December 11, 1759. The relationship of Ahmad Shah Durranis with the Mughal emperor was further strengthened when his son Timur Shah Durrani was elected the fiancé of Alamgir II’s daughter, Zuhra Begum.

Alamgir 2nd, also known as Aiz-ud-din, was the sixteenth Mughal emperor of India between 1754 and 1759. Therefore, on June 2, 1754, Aziz-ud-Din was awarded the title of Alamgir.

Ascending the throne, he took the title of Alamgir and tried to follow the example of Aurangzeb Alamgir. After spending most of his life in prison, Alamgir II was unprepared for government when the vizier Gazi-ud-Din put him on the throne following the overthrow of the fifteenth emperor. Alamgir II ruled for a short period of five years from June 2, 1754 to November 29, 1759.

Alamgir II watercolor painting

When Ahmad Shah Durrani prepared to recapture the Punjab from the Marathas, encouraged by Muslim leaders such as Shah Waliullah, the relationship between Alamgir and the vizier, Gazi-ud-Din fell into disrepair and beyond repair.

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King Politics and battles

While the last Mughal emperor is usually identified with Bahadur Shah II from 1837–1858 in many ways Alamgir II was the last emperor to enjoy even a little independence. However, it was the British who ultimately brought about the end of the Mughal Empire, and their victory over the governor of Bengal at the Battle of Plessis in 1857, in the third year of Alamgir’s rule, marked the beginning of their ascent in India.

Fearing that Alamgir might be captured by the Afghan overlord, and knowing full well that the imperial treasury could not afford to pay the ransom, the vizier ended Alamgir’s life in the same way that he did away with his predecessors: by killing him. Alamgir 2nd was killed in 1759, but his son Shah Alam II managed to escape.

End of Alamgir II

In November 1759, the Mughal Emperor Alamgir II learned that a pious man had come to greet him. Alamgir 2nd, who had always been eager to meet the saint, immediately went to Kotla Fateh Shah to meet him, but was repeatedly assassinated by the assassins.

After Alamgil II was assassinated in 1759, Peshva under the influence of Sadasifrao Bo reached the peak of their short-lived power, especially when they participated when he discussed the abolition of the Great Mughal Empire and When Vishwasrao was established on the throne of Delhi by corruption or overthrowing Imad-ul-Mulk, it became prominent in the assassination.

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