Hasan Al Basri: His birth, death and love for his religion
The figures of the early Sufis, such as Rabiya al-Adawiyya, Said ibn Musayyab, and Hasan al-Basri, are well-known among Muslims of all ages. The founder of Sufism in Basra, himself the source of all Sufism later on, is the famous Hassan Basri, who was born in Medina in 21/642 and was the son of a Persian slave. He Passed away after a long and productive life.
At 110/728 in Basra. Some of these cultural figures are of Iranian descent, including the early pious role model Hasan al-Basri; Sebawayh, one of the founders of the study of Arabic grammar; the famous poet Basal b. Board of Directors and Abnovas; Mutazilite theologian Amr b.
What is Hasan Al Basri known for
Traditionally, Hassan has been noted as a prominent figure by all Sunni schools of thought, and in later writings by prominent Sunni thinkers such as Abu Talib al-Maqqi, he has often been identified as one of the most respected representatives of the early Islamic community.
Abu Nuaym, Ali Khujwiri, Ibn al-Jawzi and Attar of Nishapur (d Indeed, Hassan became one of the “most famous” Tabiuns, with a “recognized academic career and an even more notable posthumous legacy in Islamic scholarship. As far as self-discipline is the key to remaining faithful to Allah, this knowledge is a prerequisite for calling people to Islam, how to deal with others who are struggling with their iman; and much more.
Hasan Al-Basri became one of the greatest teachers in Basrah theology, the main scholar of his time, and is well known for his strict and complete embodiment of the Sunnah. He is also known for his immense knowledge, courageous protest from the authorities with the power of speech, and advisor to Caliph Umar bin Abdel Aziz.
It was especially known in the last years of the reign of the Umayyad Caliph, Muawya ibn Abi Sufyan, that Allah was pleased with him. Al-Hasan Al-Basri was a close friend of the well-ruled Umayyad Caliph Umar ibn Abdul-Aziz, who loved him very much and consulted with him on some issues related to the administration of the Muslim state.
Hasan al-Basri was lucky to spend his childhood in the holy city of Medina from the very beginning of his life, where he learned Din from Umm Salama and Zayed bin Thabit.
By interacting with many fellow prophets, Islam is presented in its truest form. At the age of 14, he became a disciple of Ali bin Abi Taleb and became one of the most important figures of his generation through piety. He began to learn law, hadith and Arabic from the companions of many prophets who lived in Basra at the time.
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Hasan Al Basri on Muslim Religion
Al-Hasan al-Basri was known to his generation as an eloquent preacher, an example of true Muslim piety and an outspoken critic of the political rulers of the Umayyad dynasty (661-750). He loved the religion of Allah and was a devout man who refrained from committing unlawful acts. He was an eloquent, ascetic, and devout believer who voluntarily fasted for many days.
As he read the magnificent Quran, he cried until his tears ran down his cheeks, reflecting how deeply the Holy Book had affected him. Therefore, he was born in the house of the prophet, and his father’s teacher was one of the famous scribes who recorded the divine revelation for the illiterate prophet. Hassan’s father, Yasar, was a prisoner of Missan between Basra and Wasset, Iraq. When he was 15 years old, Hassan moved to Basra, Iraq at 36 AH in 656 BC. NS.
He is very familiar with the hadith and the hadiths related to the prophetic tradition and the words of Imam Ali and Imam Hassan, as well as the hadiths in the chain of transmission, among which prominent Sunni and Shia scholars seem to have been cited. To this end, he invited Hassan and two other religious scholars to solicit their opinions and suggestions.
It is with these words of wisdom that Hassan spent eighty years of pious and ascetic life, not only to the rulers and the masses of his time, but also to all the readers of the articles he was talking about every moment. Conduct teaching and evangelism. In many unforgettable moments when Hassan made godly suggestions to the ruler, he met with Omar Ibn Qubaira, the great ruler of Iraq and Persia.
Returning to Basra, Hasan acted for some time free of charge as a qadi (Islamic judge) at the request of the governor Suleiman ibn Harb. He lived in Iraq when al-Hajaj bin Yusuf was governor, but he used to criticize him harshly for his tough policies. Whenever al-Muhallab ibn Abi Sufra fought against polytheists, he put him on the front lines.
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Books related to Hasan
There are many books on the legal views attributed to al-Hasan, including the seven-volume fiqh al-Hasan al-Basri, written by al-Qadi Abu Abdallah Muhammad b. Mufarrij al-Qurtubi and Mawsua fiqh al-Hasan al-Basari in two volumes by Muhammad Ravas Kaladzhi. The book contains observations attributed to Fadl b. Shadan about eight devotees, in which al-Hasan al-Basri is repeated.
It is one thing to absorb knowledge from books, but another level is to witness those who receive the light of Islam directly from the Prophet. Muhammadibn Saad said in his famous encyclopedia At-Tabakat that Al-Hasan al-Basri embraces everyone who knows him, a true high-level scholar, a person who excels in law, a reliable source, and a trustworthy, A sincere admirer, at a loss. And learning, stupid, beautiful and beautiful.
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